INTERNAL POISONING

Look for these signs if you suspect poisoning: Burns or redness around the mouth and lips, which can result from drinking certain poisons Breath that smells like chemicals, perhaps gasoline or paint thinner Burns, stains and odors on the person, on his or her clothing or on the furniture, floor,…

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BITES AND STINGS

ANIMAL BITES MINOR BITES 1. Wash it carefully with soap and water 2. Apply an antiseptic (i.e. hydrogen peroxide) 3. Apply and antibiotic cream PUNCTURE WOUND OR LARGE GASH 1. Clean the bite to rid it of infection 2. Victim should be treated by a doctor Whether the bite is…

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BURNS AND SCALDS

1. Never put butter or greasy ointments on a burn. They seal heat into the wound and may cause infection. 2. Always seek medical attention if… * Victim is a child or elderly * Burn covers more than one body part * Burn is located on any sensitive area of…

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CUTS AND SCRATCHES

CUTS: 1. Cleanse area thoroughly with soap and warm water, carefully washing away any dirt. 2. Apply direct pressure to wound until bleeding stops. 3. Put sterile bandage on wound. 4. If cut is deep, get to a doctor as quickly as possible. ABRASIONS (SCRATCHES): 1. Wash thoroughly with soap…

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FISHHOOK PUNCTURE

PREVENTION: Be extremely careful when using a fishing rod, especially a rod with a hook on it. TREATMENT: If a fishhook hasn’t punctured the skin deep enough that the barb is still above skin level, simply pull the hook back out gently. However, if the barb on the hook has…

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SEVERE BLEEDING

EXTERNAL BLEEDING: 1. Apply direct pressure. Place a clean, folded cloth over the injured area and firmly apply pressure. If blood soaks through, do not remove it. Instead, cover that cloth with another one and continue to apply pressure to the wound for 7-10 minutes. If the bleeding is from…

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Dictionary

Adrenaline Also known as “epinephrine”. A drug given to counter anaphylatic shock and to stimulate a heart which isn’t working properly. AED Automated External Defibrillator – A machine which delivers a controlled electric pulse across the chest to make the heart restart when it has stopped beating effectively. Anaphylactic Shock…

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Stopped breathing

Asphyxiation is a loss of consciousness due to the presence of too little oxygen or too much carbon dioxide in the blood. The victim may stop breathing for a number of reasons (i.e. drowning, electric shock, heart failure, poisoning, or suffocation). The flow of oxygen throughout the body stops within…

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